• Navigating Hierarchies in Tableau using Self Updating Actions

    The Tableau technique shown here is to use an action to update an entire dashboard, including the filter selection and the view which triggered the action. The trick doesn’t have to be used to navigate hierarchies or hierarchical data, but it happens to work very nicely for that purpose.
    Let’s say you have a Tableau dashboard like this:

    Tableau Dashboard - Hierarchy

    There’s a nice drop down that lets you select an individual and then see their Superior and any Underlings (or in the business world you might refer to them as “supervisors” and “direct reports” – but that’s far less exciting). The question that might be raised is, can I click on one of the superior or underlings and have it act as if I’d selected that person in the drop down?

    I can hear you now:

    • that’s impossible! – Always with you, what cannot be done.
    • Actions updating other views is one thing, this is totally differentNO! No different. Only different in your mind. You must unlearn what you have learned.
    • Alright, I’ll give it a try. – (I don’t even need to say it)

    In fact, here it is:

    • I don’t believe it! – that is why you fail.

    (But you won’t fail and you will believe it, because now, I’ll show you how!)

    A note on the data source

    So, this data source is relatively straightforward. At its simplest, it is just a record per individual with an ID and a self-reference to point to the individual who is the direct superior.

    Star Wars Data

    In order to create views and actions that list superiors and underlings, I’m going to do a couple of self joins, like this:

    Star Wars Imperial Hierarchy

    Both are left joins so I have the full list of individuals but I also have a row for every superior for that individual (join on Reports To to ID) and a row for every underling for that individual (join on ID to Reports To). This is going to give me quite a few extra rows of data, and I’ll have to be careful if I’m using any measures to use LoD or some other technique to make sure I’m not double (or more) counting in aggregations. But for the purpose of building out a hierarchy, it works well.

    The result is a nice list of fields in Dimensions, which I’ve cleaned up a bit:

    Star Wars Imperial Hierarchy Data

    Some notes on the Views

    1. The views themselves are relatively straightforward. And yours will be different. But the important thing is that I’ve got three basic types:
      The main information (in this case the Imperial individual. It uses fields from the main table. I haven’t filtered it yet, so we’re seeing everyone:
      Star Wars Imperial People Data
    2. The superior view, using fields from the Superior table, again not filtered (wait…)
      Star Wars Superior Imperials
    3. The Underling view, using fields from the Underling table, again not filtered (be patient…)
      Star Wars

     

    I put these together as a dashboard, and at first it’s going to show everyone in every view. We’ll filter in a bit…

    Creating the Tableau Dashboard Actions

    You could start with either the Superior or Underling view. It doesn’t matter. I’ll start with the Superior and create an action like this:

    08

    Notice several important things:

    • The action is from selecting someone on the Superior view to every other view on the dashboard.
    • Clearing the selection will Leave the filter. This is important, because the action is going to update the view itself (yes, actions can even update the view that trigger them!) and it’s very likely that will clear the selection which we don’t want to impact the action that just occurred.
    • We mapped the Target Filters. Specifically, we mapped the Person (Superior) field to pass the value to the Person field. That way, selecting a superior filters every other view to show that person (not just people who have that superior).
      The Underling action is almost identical.

    Showing the Drop Down Control

    Getting an Action to update a filter control is actually very easy. Because… the action is a filter! So, I won’t even create a filter from a field and show it like I normally do. Instead, I’ll create the filter with an action and then show it as a control.
    Once I’ve triggered one of the actions I just created and look at the view, I’ll see the action filter show up on the Filters shelf:

    Star Wars Filters

    Notice that I’ve made the filter a global filter. That’s important because it means the action will impact everything (including the sheet that triggered it). You could opt to just apply it to some selected sheets.
    And now, I can show the filter as a control on the dashboard. Using the drop down menu on one of the views (it’s a global filter, so any view will do), I simply find the Action filter and add it:

    Adding the Tableau Dashboard Filter

    At this point, the end user can use the drop down or the actions and everything is fully operational!

    And with this technique, you can do so much! Much more than just navigate hierarchies. You can do almost anything!

     

    Star Wars Ultimate Power - Tableau

    This Tableau technique is now the ultimate power in the universe. I suggest we use it!

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